Third Manifesto

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The Third Manifesto is a proposal for relational database management systems. It was first published as a paper in 1995 by Chris Date and Hugh Darwen and further explained and expanded upon in several books by the same authors.

Date and Darwen set out the features of a relational database system by defining the features of its language and underlying type system. The original paper was a response in oposition to two earlier proposals for future database systems.

Since its publication several open-source DBMSs and at least one commercial product have been developed based on the Third Manifesto.

The Third Manifesto (1995)